To assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) about Biomedical waste (BMW) management among nursing, technical and housekeeping staff.
The study was conducted in the private hospitals and nursing homes in Karimnagar town of Andhra Pradesh. There are approximately 267 private hospitals, and clinics. By a systematic random sampling method, 47 private hospitals were selected and study was performed on 500 study subjects. The KAP of the nursing, technical and the house keeping staff of the concerned hospitals.Analysis of data was done by using various statistical measures i.e., percentage, Chi-square test.
The data was collected from 47 Private hospitals having 237 nurses, 131 technicians and 132 housekeeping staff. Assessment of knowledge regarding BMW Management among study subjects reveals that 95.8% of subjects had knowledge about the health hazards. Only 1.6% of study subjects had knowledge about the 10 categories of BMW. It is also found that 47.2% of Nurses, 26.4% of Technicians and 26% of housekeeping staff were having positive attitude towards BMW management (P<0.05, significant). Study also reveals that 45.4% Nurses, 25.8% Technicians and 13.8% of Housekeeping staff are practicing / following BMW management rules (P<0.05, significant).
The KAP regarding BMW was found to be insufficient among all the three categories. But on comparison the nurses had a significantly better KAP than the technical and house keeping staff. Regular training programme about efficient management of BMW are necessary to improve the present situation.